Increasing Citrus Fruit Size

Crop load determines fruit yield and size and a too high fruit number can result in small fruit. The use of careful thinning and growth regulators can reduce the number of fruit to an optimum amount per tree.

Potassium is the key driver of fruit size and alongside nitrogen is required in large quantities throughout fruit development and growth. However, too much nitrogen at a late growth stage can restrict fruit size; therefore a balanced nutrient application is crucial. Phosphorus can restrict fruit growth too.

Iron and zinc supply also positively influence fruit size, increasing crop yields.

Crop Nutrition and Citrus Fruit Size

Potassium and fruit size

Trials confirm that the improved yield from potassium is due, in part, to reduced fruit set but mainly as a result of an increased fruit size.

Potassium - foliar application

According to the trials taken in Florida on sandy soils susceptible to potassium leaching, foliar K applied in the fall increased fruit size of Marsh Grapefruit.

Micronutrients and fruit size

Trials have shown that micronutrients like iron, manganese and zinc will affect the final fruit size. Lack of zinc, for example, results in smaller, misshapen fruit.

Recommended Yara Fertilizers for Citrus


YaraLiva Calcinit Solution Grade 15.5-0-0

YaraLiva Calcinit is a fully water soluble nitrogen and calcium fertilizer. It is a free flowing, fine granular or prilled material which dissolves quickly in water without any residues.

YaraLiva Calcinit is suited to application through all fertigation systems - drip systems, low volume sprinklers, centre pivots and spray units.

YaraLiva Calcinit is free of chlorine and sodium.

Product Literature

Citrus fertilizer programme

PROGRAMME 1 0.02 citrus crop program 1Elaborated by our specialists, Yara's nutrition programmes for citrus can help you to achieve excellent crop performance.